How to Grow Jalapenos on a Balcony

How to Grow Jalapenos on a Balcony?

Jalapenos Pepper Plant

Grow Jalapenos on a Balcony: Jalapenos belong to the Capsicum annuum variety of peppers. Their seeds are named in honor of their origins in Mexico. Of the many hot peppers, jalapenos are among the most popular. The intensity of these peppers is thought to be in the middle range.

Also, the jalapeno Scoville measures a chili’s heat can range from 2500 to 8000 Scoville units (SHU). Take note that fruits and leaves of jalapeno plants are laced with capsaicin, which is a chemical that causes the sensation of burning and may be harmful to pets and humans.

Jalapeno peppers can be planted during spring, either from nursery transplantation or seeds planted inside. They grow rapidly, which can take three to four months from germination before producing fruit that they can pick.

However, they have harvested when the pod-shaped fruits remain green. The fruit is ripe and develops an orange, red, or yellow shade if left in the garden. It is possible to use jalapenos in sauces and salsas for toppings, pickle their seeds, roast them, or even stuff them.

Can I Grow Jalapenos on a balcony?

Can I Grow Jalapenos on a balcony

If you are limited in space, such as the Balcony of your home, would like to plant indoors or plant a few plants on a deck or patio, planting the jalapenos using pots is a great alternative.

Jalapenos are ideal for pot gardening and are best grown in 5 gallons (19-L) buckets or pots to ensure a larger plant and a higher yield. However, 2 Gallons (7.5 L) is sufficient. Ensure that the container has well-drained soil and drainage holes on the bottom.

Jalapenos thrive in full sun. However, they may benefit from being grown in the shade, even in hot summer temperatures. If you live within an apartment building, having a balcony facing south is the best option.

Jalapenos may also be cultivated indoors in pots. However, grow lighting is essential for optimal development and blooming. Alternative to sunlight utilizes fluorescent LEDs.

Fluorescent bulbs like small fluorescents (CFLs) are ideal for starting seedlings of peppers, keeping your peppers alive in the winter months, and gaining several peppers throughout the season. For one jalapeno plant, the cheapest 36W LED grow light is plenty.

Propagation Jalapeno

After you’ve picked some of the jalapeno peppers, dry them and save some of the seeds within. Use the seeds for your next plant. Jalapeno pepper plants thrive in dry, warm conditions in sunny areas. It is possible to carry out jalapeno pepper propagation done in two ways.

Propagation using seeds

Propagation through Transplant

Sure jalapeno peppers have a higher or lower spice level than other varieties. Therefore be aware of the degree of sauce you’d like before planting the plants in your garden.

Right Time to Sow Seeds

For seeds, various people will offer different methods to begin your jalapeno. They can be:

·   The seeds should be soaked overnight in warm water before planting

·   Covering the seeds with damp paper towels and placing them inside a Ziploc bag

·   No prep work; plant it according to the package instructions!

If you are growing a jalapeno plant from seeds, sow inside about 6-8 weeks before the date of the last frost. You are utilizing a seed-starting medium or a high-quality potting mix. Seedlings need little nutrients during the first couple of weeks since they take nutrients from the seed. Therefore, you won’t require fertilizer or potting mix until the end of the season.

Jalapeno seeds are sprouting quickly within one week. That’s fun! Seedlings will grow soon and are ready to take off even though the other sources in your garden are just beginning to germinate.

They’ll require lots of sun and warmth. This means that you’ll have to provide them with more light and heat than a balcony with a sunny view typically offers. Once the seedlings begin to sprout, provide them with 12 to 16 hours of daylight each day.

When to transplant jalapenos

If you’ve cultivated plants of your own yourself from seeds or bought them from the farmers market or at the garden store, you must keep them indoors until outdoor temperatures drop to at least 55-60 degrees Fahrenheit and 70 degrees during the day.

Transplant jalapenos to pot

Transplant the seedlings to see 3-4 pairs of real leaves. This will ensure more chance for your seedlings to flourish since they have sufficient roots and leaves to deal with the pressure of transplanting. Cover the base inside the planter with about an inch of compost or follow the compost’s recommended ratio you choose to brand.

Remove the seedling from the tray of plugs and gently loosen the roots before placing them into the pot. If you’re employing Jiffy Compost Plug Pellets, you can reduce the sources as needed and then put the seedling into the pool.

Remove two pairs of leaves on the bottom while you’re doing it. Cover your seedling carefully with soil to the point where you removed the leaves.

Then gently press down on the soil to get rid of air pockets. This will ensure your plant’s health, which will ensure it has strong roots and is not overly leggy. Water deeply.   

Jalapenos Plant care in Balcony

The duration of growth of jalapenos ranges from 60 to 80 days, depending on the growing conditions and variety of plants.


The hot peppers that grow in containers require a location with the full sun. They are heat-loving plants such as eggplant and tomatoes. If you’re short on space, consider increasing peppers inside and on your sunny window. Make sure to select a place with adequate air circulation to prevent illnesses.


Suitable soil is the essential ingredient to producing pepper plants. Get the top high-quality potting mix that is quickly drained and loose or create your own. It should be rich in organic matter as well as fertile.


Keep the soil wet, and do not let the plant dry completely. Avoid excessive watering because this can lead to damp foliage that can cause fungal diseases.


The soil temperature above 60 F (15 C) is necessary for optimal growth. The ideal seed germination temperature is at or above the threshold of 68 F (20 C). It can quickly withstand temperatures as high as 95 F (35 C) and as low as 50 F (10 C). The ideal temperature for growth is 70 and 90 F (21-32 C).


Organic matter in soil is an essential component of soils. Hence, using composts that have been broken down and composted or rotten manure from animals effectively increases the amount of organic matter in the ground. It is important to note that excessive nitrogen fertilizer can cause plants that grow vigorously but with no fruit production.

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